In medical terms, it is actually a symptom of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
In this condition, stomach acids reflux or “back up” from the stomach into the esophagus. Heartburn is described as a harsh, burning sensation in the area in between your ribs or just below your neck. The feeling may radiate through the chest and into the throat and neck. Other symptoms may also include vomiting or regurgitation, difficulty swallowing and chronic coughing or wheezing.
Patients who do not respond well to lifestyle changes or medications or those who do not wish to continually require medications to control their symptoms, may consider undergoing a laparoscopic anti-reflux surgery that is very effective in treating GERD.
This surgery is also known as Laparoscopic Nissen Fundoplication and it involves fixing your hiatal hernia, if present, and wrapping the top part of the stomach around the end of the esophagus to reinforce the lower esophageal sphincter, and this recreate the “one-way valve” that is meant to prevent acid reflux.