The wall of the abdomen has natural areas of potential weakness.
Hernias can develop at these or other areas due to heavy strain on the abdominal wall, aging, injury, an old incision or a weakness present from birth.
Anyone can develop a hernia at any age. Most hernias in children are congenital. In adults, a natural weakness or strain from heavy lifting, persistent coughing, and difficulty with bowel movements or urination can cause the abdominal wall to weaken or separate.
Hernias can cause discomfort, severe pain, or other potentially serious problems that could require emergency surgery. This procedure can be done laparoscopically.